For Opal Lee, 89, Juneteenth is more
than a license plate


On Juneteenth 1939, her family was driven from home by a white mob

Police stood by “helpless,” were “not mobilized,” newspapers reported

Today, she promotes Juneteenth, freedom and a new car license plate

Opal Lee
Opal Lee, now 89, at this year’s Juneteenth.
Paul Moseley

Star Telegram
By Bud Kennedy     October 17, 2015

(Fort Worth, TX) - Opal Lee called last week.

She wants everybody to know she’s now 89 — “I’m starting my 90th year!”

Texas Juneteenth License Plate
Texas’ new Juneteenth license plate
will go on sale in December.

And about the new Texas license plate for Juneteenth, the 1865 'independence day" when America’s last slaves were liberated along with the Union Army landing at Galveston.

This year’s 150th anniversary of Juneteenth meant a lot to Lee, and not only because she leads the local celebration.

In 1939, when she was 13-year-old Opal Flake, her family made the news on Juneteenth.

The headlines read:

“Fort Worth Crowd Raids Negro Home”


“Negro Driven Out; Furniture Burned”

Mattie and Otis Flake and their children were in their fourth night in the home at East Annie Street and New York Avenue. The house payment was $165.

“Violence climaxed observance of negro emancipation late tonight when a crowd estimated at 500 persons stormed the residence of Otis Flake,” The Associated Press reported.


IN 1939, MORE THAN 74

“With the police helpless, the men hurled rocks at the house and then began carrying furniture into the street after Flake, his wife and three children fled. … Destruction of the negro’s property was the outgrowth of a protest over the encroachment into a white residential district.”

More than 74 years after freedom, the Flakes were not free.

The next day’s headline read, "Police Investigate Mobbing."

The mob destroyed furniture, broke windows and damaged the building, police said.

One man walking by was struck with a baseball bat.



1939 wire service reports published nationwide

“Ten police cars, three cruisers from the state highway department and a car from the sheriff’s office were at the scene,” United Press International reported, “but not mobilized.”

The next day, youths came in the house, turned on the gas jets and fled.

Nothing further was ever published about the incident or any investigation.

The next year, a family on East Maddox Street, about a mile south, was attacked. (Similar incidents flared in Riverside in the mid-1950s.)

When Opal Lee calls, she doesn't talk about that at all. She talks about people in need, or club or church projects, or history. Many who know her don’t even know the Flakes’ story.

But when she talks about Juneteenth, it’s about more than a holiday.

"Write about the new license plate," she pleaded.

“It’s beautiful. It says ‘Celebrate Freedom.’ ”

So here’s that story: The new state specialty license plate goes on sale in December at county tax offices or at It’s $30 per year plus registration fee, or $70 with a personalized message.

State Rep. Nicole Collier, D-Fort Worth, wrote the plate into law with the help of state Sen. Royce West, D-Dallas. Gov. Greg Abbott signed it.

For more information, see

Happy birthday, Opal.

Bud Kennedy: 817-390-7538,, @BudKennedy. His column appears Sundays, Wednesdays and Fridays.


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